Law or legal system is understood as rules of conduct that is prescribed, recognized and enforced by the highest controlling authority. The controlling authority is the judiciary system which may take appropriate action to punish individuals or organizations which fail to adhere to this legal system.
History of Law
Human society has evolved from barbarism to civilization. From time immemorial, communities of men have always felt the need to enforce rules to govern the behavior of their community. Law and its enforcement is a basic need of the human community. It is the crux of human race, it enables large groups of individuals (in this case the entire population) to peacefully co-exist. There is a need for legal system since the interests of individuals are likely to vary. Law in more than one way creates a relationship among people, between professions.
It is important that the legal system has penalty defined, to establish the fact that anybody who fails to adhere to the laws of the land will face punishments.
The legal system
Countries have had their own legal systems based on their culture, demography and preferences. Adjudication of law is divided as Civil Law and Criminal Law. Civil Law deals with disputes among individuals or organizations. Criminal law deals with harmful social conduct. In both cases guilty party may be imprisoned or fined.
Tracing the origins of Civil Law
There are 2 prominent legal traditions existent – Civil Law and Common Law. The Common law finds its emergence in England and Civil Law can be traced back to continental Europe. Both originated around the same time in the Middle Ages.
Few other countries such as Japan and Russia sought to refine their legal systems to attain political and economic standing amongst European nations and hence, adopted civil law which was prevalent among the Imperial nations in Europe.